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1.: Part 1: Criteria for the selection of precautionary statements


Table 6.1

Precautionary statements — General

Code

General precautionary statements

Hazard class

Hazard category

Conditions for use

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

P101

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

as appropriate

 

Consumer products

P102

Keep out of reach of children.

as appropriate

 

Consumer products

P103

Read label before use.

as appropriate

 

Consumer products


Table 6.2

Precautionary statements — Prevention

Code

Prevention precautionary statements

Hazard class

Hazard category

Conditions for use

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

P201

Obtain special instructions before use.

Explosives (section 2.1)

Unstable explosive

 

Germ cell mutagenicity (section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

Carcinogenicity (section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

▼M12

P202

Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

Flammable gases (including chemically unstable gases) (Section 2.2)

A, B

(chemically unstable gases)

 

Germ cell mutagenicity (Section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

 

Carcinogenicity (Section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

 

Reproductive toxicity (Section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

 

▼M7

P210

Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

Explosives (section 2.1)

Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

 

Flammable gases (section 2.2)

1, 2

Aerosols (section 2.3)

1, 2, 3

Flammable liquids (section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

Flammable solids (section 2.7)

1, 2

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Pyrophoric liquids (section 2.9)

1

Pyrophoric solids (section 2.10)

1

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic peroxides (section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

▼M4

P211

Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.

Aerosols (section 2.3)

1, 2

 

▼M12

P220

Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.

Oxidising gases (Section 2.4)

1

 

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

▼M12 —————

▼M12

P222

Do not allow contact with air.

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

—  if emphasis of the hazard statement is deemed necessary

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

P223

Do not allow contact with water.

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2

—  if emphasis of the hazard statement is deemed necessary

P230

Keep wetted with …

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5

—  for substances and mixtures which are wetted, diluted, dissolved or suspended with a phlegmatiser in order to reduce or suppress their explosive properties (desensitised explosives)

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate material.

P231

Handle and store contents under inert gas/…

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate liquid or gas if ‘inert gas’ is not appropriate.

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

—  if the substance or mixture reacts readily with moisture in air.

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate liquid or gas if ‘inert gas’ is not appropriate.

▼B

P232

Protect from moisture.

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

 

▼M12

P233

Keep container tightly closed.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if the liquid is volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

 

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

 

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

—  if the chemical is volatile and may generate a hazardous atmosphere

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcotic effects (Section 3.8)

3

P234

Keep only in original packaging.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

 

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Corrosive to metals (Section 2.16)

1

P235

Keep cool.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  for flammable liquids category 1 and other flammable liquids that are volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

—  may be omitted if P411 is given on the label

Self-heating substances and mixtures (Section 2.11)

1, 2

—  may be omitted if P413 is given on the label

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

—  may be omitted if P411 is given on the label

P240

Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

—  if the explosive is electrostatically sensitive

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if the liquid is volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

—  if the solid is electrostatically sensitive

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A,B,C, D, E, F

—  if electrostatically sensitive and able to generate an explosive atmosphere

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

P241

Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/…] equipment.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

— if the liquid is volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere.

— text in square brackets may be used to specify specific electrical, ventilating, lighting or other equipment if necessary and as appropriate.

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

— if dust clouds can occur.

— text in square brackets may be used to specify specific electrical, ventilating, lighting or other equipment if necessary and as appropriate.

P242

Use non-sparking tools.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if the liquid is volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere and if the minimum ignition energy is very low. (This applies to substances and mixtures where the ignition energy is < 0,1 mJ, e.g. carbon disulphide).

P243

Take action to prevent static discharges.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if the liquid is volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere.

▼M4

P244

Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.

Oxidising gases (section 2.4)

1

 

▼M12

P250

Do not subject to grinding/shock/friction …

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

—  if the explosive is mechanically sensitive

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify applicable rough handling.

▼M4

P251

Do not pierce or burn, even after use.

Aerosols (section 2.3)

1, 2, 3

 

▼B

P260

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2

Manufacturer/supplier to specify applicable conditions.

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure (section 3.9)

1, 2

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

— Specify do not breathe dusts or mists.

— if inhalable particles of dusts or mists may occur during use.

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

▼M12

P261

Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

3, 4

—  may be omitted if P260 is given on the label

Manufacturer/supplier to specify applicable conditions.

Respiratory sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Skin sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcotic effects (Section 3.8)

3

▼B

P262

Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2

 

▼M12

P263

Avoid contact during pregnancy and while nursing.

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (Section 3.7)

Additional category

 

▼B

P264

Wash … thoroughly after handling.

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

Manufacturer/supplier to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure (section 3.9)

1

P270

Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure (section 3.9)

1

P271

Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (section 3.8)

3

▼M2

P272

Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼B

P273

Avoid release to the environment.

Hazardous to the aquatic environment — acute aquatic hazard (section 4.1)

1

— if this is not the intended use.

Hazardous to the aquatic environment — ►M2  long-term aquatic hazard (section 4.1) ◄

1, 2, 3, 4

▼M2 —————

▼M12

P280

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate type of equipment.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Self-heating substances and mixtures (Section 2.11)

1, 2

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Acute toxicity — dermal (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

—  Specify protective gloves/clothing

Manufacturer/supplier may further specify type of equipment where appropriate.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

—  Specific protective gloves/clothing and eye/face protection

Manufacturer/supplier may further specify type of equipment where appropriate.

 

 

Skin irritation (Section 3.2)

2

—  Specify protective gloves.

Manufacturer/supplier may further specify type of equipment where appropriate.

Skin sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Serious eye damage (Section 3.3)

1

—  Specify eye/face protection.

Manufacturer/supplier may further specify type of equipment where appropriate.

Eye irritation (Section 3.3)

2

 

 

Germ cell mutagenicity (Section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

Manufacturer/ supplier to specify the appropriate type of equipment.

 

 

Carcinogenicity (Section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

 

 

Reproductive toxicity (Section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

▼M4 —————

▼M12

P282

Wear cold insulating gloves and either face shield or eye protection.

Gases under pressure (Section 2.5)

Refrigerated liquefied gas

 

P283

Wear fire resistant or flame retardant clothing.

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1

 

P284

[In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2

—  text in square brackets may be used if additional information is provided with the chemical at the point of use that explains what type of ventilation would be adequate for safe use.

Manufacturer/supplier to specify equipment.

Respiratory sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

▼M4 —————

▼M12

P231 + P232

Handle and store contents under inert gas/…

Protect from moisture.

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate liquid or gas if ‘inert gas’ is not appropriate.

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

—  if the substance or mixture reacts readily with moisture in air.

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate liquid or gas if ‘inert gas’ is not appropriate.

▼M12 —————

▼B


Table 6.3

Precautionary statements — Response

Code

Response precautionary statements

Hazard class

Hazard category

Conditions for use

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

P301

IF SWALLOWED:

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Aspiration Hazard (section 3.10)

1

▼M12

P302

IF ON SKIN:

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

 

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2

Acute Toxicity, dermal (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

 

Skin irritation (Section 3.2)

2

 

 

 

Skin sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼B

P303

IF ON SKIN (or hair):

Flammable liquids (section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

▼M2

P304

IF INHALED:

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (section 3.8)

3

▼B

P305

IF IN EYES:

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

 

Serious eye damage/eye irritation (section 3.3)

1

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

P306

IF ON CLOTHING:

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1

▼M4 —————

▼M4

P308

IF exposed or concerned:

Germ cell mutagenicity (section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

 

Carcinogenicity (section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

▼M4 —————

▼M4

P310

Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

…Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Serious eye damage/eye irritation (section 3.3)

1

Aspiration hazard (section 3.10)

1

P311

Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

3

…Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

▼M12

P312

Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor/… if you feel unwell.

Acute toxicity — oral (Section 3.1)

4

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

Acute toxicity — dermal (Section 3.1)

3, 4

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

4

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcotic effects (Section 3.8)

3

▼M2

P313

Get medical advice/attention.

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2, 3

 

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Germ cell mutagenicity (section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

Carcinogenicity (section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

▼B

P314

Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure (section 3.9)

1, 2

 

P315

Get immediate medical advice/attention.

Gases under pressure (section 2.5)

Refrigerated liquefied gas

 

▼M12

P320

Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2

—  if immediate administration of antidote is required.

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

P321

Specific treatment (see … on this label).

Acute toxicity — oral (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

—  if immediate administration of antidote is required.

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

Acute toxicity, dermal (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

—  if immediate measures such as specific cleansing agent are advised.

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

3

—  if immediate specific measures are required.

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

Manufacturer/supplier may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate.

Skin irritation (Section 3.2)

2

Skin sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (Section 3.8)

1

—  if immediate measures are required.

… Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.

▼M4 —————

▼B

P330

Rinse mouth.

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

P331

Do NOT induce vomiting.

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

 

Aspiration hazard (section 3.10)

1

P332

If skin irritation occurs:

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2, 3

 

▼M2

P333

If skin irritation or rash occurs:

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼M12

P334

Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

—  text in square brackets to be used for pyrophoric liquids and solids

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2

Use only ‘immerse in cool water.’ Text in square brackets should not be used.

▼B

P335

Brush off loose particles from skin.

Pyrophoric solids (section 2.10)

1

 

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (section 2.12)

1, 2

P336

Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area.

Gases under pressure (section 2.5)

Refrigerated liquefied gas

 

P337

If eye irritation persists:

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

 

P338

Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

 

Serious eye damage/eye irritation (section 3.3)

1

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

▼M4

P340

Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (section 3.8)

3

▼M4 —————

▼M2

P342

If experiencing respiratory symptoms:

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼M4 —————

▼B

P351

Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

 

Serious eye damage/eye irritation (section 3.3)

1

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

▼M4

P352

Wash with plenty of water/…

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

…Manufacturer/supplier may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate, or may recommend an alternative agent in exceptional cases if water is clearly inappropriate.

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

▼M12

P353

Rinse skin with water [or shower].

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  text in square brackets to be included where the manufacturer/supplier considers it appropriate for the specific chemical.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

▼B

P360

Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1

▼M4

P361

Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

Flammable liquids (section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

 

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

P362

Take off contaminated clothing.

Acute toxicity, dermal (section 3.1)

4

 

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

P363

Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

 

▼M4

P364

And wash it before reuse.

Acute toxicity, dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

 

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼M12

P370

In case of fire:

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

 

Oxidising gases (Section 2.4)

1

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic Peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

▼B

P371

In case of major fire and large quantities:

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1

▼M12

P372

Explosion risk.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 1.5

 

Division 1.4

—  except for explosives of division 1.4 (compatibility group S) in transport packaging.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Type A

 

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Type A

P373

DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5

 

Division 1.4

—  except for explosives of division 1.4 (compatibility group S) in transport packaging.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Type A

 

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Type A

▼M12 —————

▼M12

P375

Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Division 1.4

—  for explosives of division 1.4 (compatibility group S) in transport packaging.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Type B

 

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Type B

▼B

P376

Stop leak if safe to do so.

Oxidising gases (section 2.4)

1

 

P377

Leaking gas fire:

Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

Flammable gases (section 2.2)

1, 2

 

▼M12

P378

Use … to extinguish.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if water increases risk

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate media

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types B, C, D, E, F

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types B, C, D, E, F

P380

Evacuate area.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives,

Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

 

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B

P381

In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.

Flammable gases (Section 2.2)

1, 2

 

▼B

P390

Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.

Corrosive to metals (section 2.16)

1

 

P391

Collect spillage.

Hazardous to the aquatic environment – acute aquatic hazard (section 4.1)

1

 

Hazardous to the aquatic environment – ►M2  long-term aquatic hazard (section 4.1) ◄

1, 2

▼M4

P301 + P310

IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

…Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

Aspiration hazard (section 3.10)

1

▼M12

P301 + P312

IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor/… if you feel unwell.

Acute toxicity — oral (Section 3.1)

4

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

▼M12 —————

▼M12

P302 + P334

IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water or wrap in wet bandages.

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

 

▼M4 —————

▼M4

P302 + P352

IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

…Manufacturer/supplier may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate, or may recommend an alternative agent in exceptional cases if water is clearly inappropriate.

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

▼M12 —————

▼M4

P304 + P340

IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

 

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (section 3.8)

3

▼M4 —————

▼M12 —————

▼B

P306 + P360

IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1

▼M4

P308 + P311

IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

…Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

▼B

P308 + P313

IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

Germ cell mutagenicity (section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

 

Carcinogenicity (section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity — effects on or via lactation (section 3.7)

Additional category

▼M4 —————

▼M12

P332 + P313

If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

Skin irritation (Section 3.2)

2

—  may be omitted when P333 + P313 is given on the label.

▼M2

P333 + P313

If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

 

▼M12

P336 + P315

Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area. Get immediate medical advice/attention.

Gases under pressure (Section 2.5)

Refrigerated liquefied gas

 

▼M12 —————

▼B

P337 + P313

If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

Eye irritation (section 3.3)

2

 

▼M4

P342 + P311

If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Respiratory sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

…Manufacturer/supplier to specify the appropriate source of emergency medical advice.

▼M4

P361 + P364

Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

Acute toxicity, dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

 

P362 + P364

Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

Acute toxicity, dermal (section 3.1)

4

 

Skin irritation (section 3.2)

2

Skin sensitisation (section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

▼B

P370 + P376

In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.

Oxidizing gases (section 2.4)

1

 

▼M12

P370 + P378

In case of fire: Use … to extinguish.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  if water increases risk.

… Manufacturer/sup-plier to specify appropriate media.

Flammable solids (Section 2.7)

1, 2

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types C, D, E, F

Pyrophoric liquids (Section 2.9)

1

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types C, D, E, F

▼M12

P301 + P330 + P331

IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

 

P302 + P335 + P334

IF ON SKIN: Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].

Pyrophoric solids (Section 2.10)

1

—  text in square brackets to be used for pyrophoric solids

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2

—  use only ‘Immerse in cold water’. Text in square brackets should not be used.

P303 + P361 + P353

IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  text in square brackets to be included where the manufacturer/supplier considers it appropriate for the specific chemical.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

P305 + P351 + P338

IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

 

Serious eye damage/eye irritation (Section 3.3)

1

 

Eye irritation (Section 3.3)

2

 

▼M12 —————

▼M12

P370 + P380 + P375

In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Division 1.4

—  for explosives of division 1.4 (compatibility group S) in transport packaging

▼B

P371 + P380 + P375

In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Oxidising liquids (section 2.13)

1

 

Oxidising solids (section 2.14)

1

▼M12

P370 + P372 + P380 + P373

In case of fire: Explosion risk. Evacuate area. DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5

 

Division 1.4

—  except for explosives of division 1.4 (compatibility group S) in transport packaging.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Type A

 

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Type A

 

P370 + P380 + P375 + [P378]

In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. [Use … to extinguish].

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Type B

—  text in square brackets to be used if water increases risk.

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify appropriate media.

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Type B

▼B


Table 6.4

Precautionary statements — Storage

Code

Storage precautionary statements

Hazard class

Hazard category

Conditions for use

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

▼M12

P401

Store in accordance with …

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

… Manufacturer/ supplier to specify local/regional/ national/international regulations as applicable.

▼B

P402

Store in a dry place.

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

 

▼M12

P403

Store in a well-ventilated place.

Flammable gases (Section 2.2)

1, 2

 

Oxidising gases (Section 2.4)

1

 

Gases under pressure (Section 2.5)

Compressed gas

 

Liquefied gas

 

Refrigerated Liquefied gas

 

Dissolved gas

 

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  for flammable liquids Category 1 and other flammable liquids that are volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

—  except for temperature controlled self-reactive substances and mixtures or organic peroxides because condensation and consequent freezing may take place.

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

—  if the substance or mixture is volatile and may generate a hazardous atmosphere.

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcotic effects (Section 3.8)

3

▼B

P404

Store in a closed container.

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

 

P405

Store locked up.

Acute toxicity — oral (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

 

Acute toxicity — dermal (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

Acute toxicity — inhalation (section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

Skin corrosion (section 3.2)

1A, 1B, 1C

Germ cell mutagenicity (section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

Carcinogenicity (section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (section 3.8)

1, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (section 3.8)

3

Aspiration hazard (section 3.10)

1

▼M12

P406

Store in a corrosion-resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.

Corrosive to metals (Section 2.16)

1

—  may be omitted if P234 is given on the label

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify other compatible materials.

P407

Maintain air gap between stacks or pallets.

Self-heating substances and mixtures (Section 2.11)

1, 2

 

▼M4

P410

Protect from sunlight.

Aerosols (section 2.3)

1,2, 3

 

Gases under pressure (section 2.5)

Compressed gas

Liquefied gas

Dissolved gas

—  may be omitted for gases filled in transportable gas cylinders in accordance with packing instruction P200 of the UN RTDG, Model Regulations, unless those gases are subject to (slow) decomposition or polymerisation

Self-heating substances and mixtures (section 2.11)

1, 2

 

Organic peroxides (section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

 

▼M12

P411

Store at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

—  if temperature control is required (according to Annex I, Section 2.8.2.4 or 2.15.2.3) or if otherwise deemed necessary.

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify temperature using the applicable temperature scale.

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

P412

Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/ 122 °F.

Aerosols (Section 2.3)

1, 2, 3

Manufacturer/supplier to use applicable temperature scale.

P413

Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F.

Self-heating substances and mixtures (Section 2.11)

1, 2

… Manufacturer/supplier to specify mass and temperature using applicable scale.

P420

Store separately.

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

 

Self-heating substances and mixtures (Section 2.11)

1,2

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A,B,C,D,E,F

▼M12 —————

▼B

P402 + P404

Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

 

▼M12

P403 + P233

Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3

—  if the substance or mixture is volatile and may generate a hazardous atmosphere.

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcosis (Section 3.8)

3

P403 + P235

Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

—  for flammable liquids Category 1 and other flammable liquids that are volatile and may generate an explosive atmosphere.

P410 + P403

Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

Gases under pressure (Section 2.5)

Compressed gas

—  P410 may be omitted for gases filled in transportable gas cylinders in accordance with packing instruction P200 of the UN RTDG, unless those gases are subject to (slow) decomposition or polymerisation.

Liquefied gas

Dissolved gas

P410 + P412

Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122 °F.

Aerosols (Section 2.3)

1, 2, 3

Manufacturer/ supplier to use applicable temperature scale.

▼M12 —————


Table 6.5

Precautionary statements — Disposal

Code

Disposal precautionary statements

Hazard class

Hazard category

Conditions for use

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

▼M12

P501

Dispose of contents/container to …

Explosives (Section 2.1)

Unstable explosives and Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5

… in accordance with local/regional/ national/international regulation (to be specified).

Manufacturer/supplier to specify whether disposal requirements apply to contents, container or both.

Flammable liquids (Section 2.6)

1, 2, 3

Self-reactive substances and mixtures (Section 2.8)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Section 2.12)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising liquids (Section 2.13)

1, 2, 3

Oxidising solids (Section 2.14)

1, 2, 3

Organic peroxides (Section 2.15)

Types A, B, C, D, E, F

Acute toxicity — oral (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

Acute toxicity — dermal (Section 3.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

Acute toxicity — inhalation (Section 3.1)

1, 2

Skin corrosion (Section 3.2)

1, 1A, 1B, 1C

Respiratory sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Skin sensitisation (Section 3.4)

1, 1A, 1B

Germ cell mutagenicity (Section 3.5)

1A, 1B, 2

Carcinogenicity (Section 3.6)

1A, 1B, 2

Reproductive toxicity (Section 3.7)

1A, 1B, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure (Section 3.8)

1, 2

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; respiratory tract irritation (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure; narcotic effects (Section 3.8)

3

Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure (Section 3.9)

1, 2

Aspiration hazard (Section 3.10)

1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment — acute aquatic hazard (Section 4.1)

1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment — chronic aquatic hazard (Section 4.1)

1, 2, 3, 4

P502

Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling

Hazardous to the ozone layer (Section 5.1)

1